IN THE NAME OF ALLAH, THE BENEFICENT, THE MERCIFUL

THE MISSION OF PROPHET MUHAMMAD (S) - HOW HE ACCOMPLISHED IT?

[Shamim A Siddiqi, New York]

INTRODUCTION: It was a human tragedy that by the middle of sixth century AC [After Christ], it had lost all the Divine Guidance. Both Torah and Engel were nowhere traceable in their original from and shape. There was no peace, no human rights, especially for the womenfolk, anywhere in the world, including India. Both Jews and Christians were in waiting for the Guidance and the Messiah. Dr. Ta'ha Yasin of Egypt in his famous book "Ala Hamish Seerah" has vividly described the episode of these two Abrahamic religions in detail. They built monasteries along the Northern belt of the Arabian Peninsula to get the first hand information about the appearance of the promised Prophet of Allah. But it is equally a great tragedy of human history that when Prophet Muhammad (S) appeared on the horizon in the later part of sixth century AC, Jews refused to accept him as the promised Messiah and the Christians were equally not eager to accept him as the Prophet of Allah. History turned a new chapter. It became the destiny of the Arabs to champion the cause of Islam, peace and human uplift thenceforth under the teachings of the Qur'an and the guidance of Prophet Muhammad (S).

THE MISSION OF RASULULLAH (S): When humanity was grappling in darkness, Muhammad Ibne Abdullah was born in 570 AC. He was appointed as the Prophet of Allah in 610 AC. Through the very second Wahi of Surah Al-Muddathir, Allah ordained him, "Arise and warn and glorify thy Lord", his mission was determined as to establish the authority of Allah on this earth. Subsequently, his mission was made categorically clear in Surah Al-Saf Verse 9, Surah Al-Fathe Verse 28 and Surah Al-Tawba Verse 33 to get the Deen of Allah dominant over the other systems of life.

HOW HE (S) FULFILLED HIS MISSION? The following features of his (S) life long efforts will help in understanding the way he proceeded to attain his mission.

i. To get his (S) mission fulfilled, Rasulullah (S) needed two things. 1. The Guidance that came from Allah (SWT) in the shape of the Qur'an. 2. A team of dedicated and committed workers [out of reverence, we call them Sahabah] that Rasulullah (S) gradually had to build himself through his Dawah efforts in ones and twos.

ii. Those who responded to his call of Dawah Ilallah, he (S) educated them, trimmed their character and transformed them into trustworthy characters on the basis of Iman in Allah and His Prophet (S), accountability in Akhirah, the concept of Amanah, love for Jannah and fear of Hellfire. Struggling hard for 13 years in Makkah, he built a team of 124 workers [Sahabah] in Makkah and through the magnificent Dawah efforts of Musaa'b b Umair , he (S) got 63 from the tribe of Aus and 173 from Khazraj [Ibne Hisham Vol. I]. This was the total strength that he (S) put up in the Battle of Badr and prayed to Allah that if Your promised help does not come now, You will not be worshipped, "La Tabud".

iii. Rasulullah (S) challenged the authority of idolaters and condemned their idols right from the outset. The Batil was not prepared at all to accept this condemnation and hence trial and tribulations grew side by side with the process of Dawah Ilallah. It helped in building the trustworthy character in the leadership of the Islamic Jamaah and in its workers.

iv. The society of Makkah was infested with all kinds of human problems: no peace anywhere except in and around the Haram, lopsided economy mixed with poverty all around, no human rights, no rule of law, only seventeen persons were literate, no sense of justice except tribal rituals and hegemonies. Rasulullah (S), though contemplating about these issues in the cave of Hera as how to get out of this mess, He (S) undertook none of these precarious problems of the Makkan society when he (S) was assigned the responsibility of Prophethood. He (S) concentrated wholly and solely to correct the man, the individual men and women, who constitute the society. If the man is reformed and a team of such rejuvenated brothers and sisters is available, the fate of the society could be revived easily as Rasulullah (S) did in his lifetime. If you permit me to say, they were the "willing horses" to establish the Deen of Allah on self, on their families and the society at large, sacrificing everything for its sake.

v. When such a team was available, Hijrah took place. Hijrah was nothing but the process of consolidation of the scattered numerical strength of Muslims at Madinah. It was so important at that time that Hijrah became the criterion of Iman and Kufr. Many Verses of Surah Al-Anfal, Al-Nisa and many Ahadith confirm it.

vi. The idolaters could not tolerate this situation of concentration of Haqq at Madinah. It was now the HQ of the Islamic Movement. The idolaters of Makkah attacked Madinah time and again. Battles of Badr, Uhud and Trenches took place during the first five years of Hijrah. But the Movement went on accumulating strength, the team went on growing till Makkah was conquered in the eight year of Hijrah and the Deen of Allah was dominant in the Arabian Peninsula within the next two years.

vii. This was the process of Rasulullah (S) to get the Deen of Allah established. I have described it in the briefest possible way. It pinpoints his priorities and the strategy to accomplish the mission assigned to him. The same was mentioned by Imam Malik in his adage: " The fate of the later part of this Ummah cannot be revived save and except through what helped in building and shaping it at its very outset". It refers nothing but to the lifelong efforts of Rasulullah (S) to accomplish his mission to get the Deen of Allah established in the body politic of the day.

viii. If today we are desirous to struggle for the Deen of Allah and revive the fate of Muslim Ummah, anywhere in the world, we have no choice but to follow the same process in its minutest details. Means can be changed but not the process and the priorities, from beginning to the end. Allah's Prophet (S) has already earmarked both the priorities and the process of Iqamatuddeen. There is no room for deviation. The Islamic Movements that try to reach the end through cut short methods could not succeed and they will never be as without building the requisite team and creating an urge in the masses for the Deen of Allah, history of the first century of Hijrah cannot repeat itself. This should be the most eloquent strategy of the Islamic Movements of the world.

CONCLUSION: Human society at the threshold of the twenty first century has no ideology to seek redress from its accumulated turmoil. It has become unbalanced and is fast reaching to the other end of the pendulum. Islam that could serve the humanity in an accomplished way and keep its growth in moderation is nowhere traceable as a political identity in the form of a model modern society in any part of the world. All the three Abrahamic faiths have neglected their creed one way or the other. Jews and Christians have nothing to offer as they were in the sixth century AC. The Muslims do possess the ideology for the suffering humanity to attain solace but it is lying buried in the Qur'an and the Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad (S). Muslims could not transform it into a modern social and political reality.

It is now the responsibility of the Muslim leadership, the Islamic Movements of the world and the Muslim masses to build an Islamic society, an Islamic state and an Islamic social order based on justice and fair play on the lines demonstrated by Rasulullah (S) in his lifetime and briefly depicted as above. The life-pattern of Rasulullah (S) is to be followed meticulously, leaving the devastating socio-economic problems of the Ummah in the background and carrying out the struggle for Iqamatuddeen in the forefront with extraordinary resources that this Ummah could muster. Struggling this way for a decade or so will revive the fate of the Ummah and along with it the fate of the suffering humanity in its wake.

May Allah give Tawfeeq to Muslim leadership and give the requisite courage to the Islamic Movements of the world and its stalwarts to work intelligently and diligently to accomplish the mission or Rasulullah (S) for the sake of Muslim masses, the oppressed and the deprived humanity at large!

Shamim A Siddiqi

Dated October 5, 2000