In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
THE ISSUE OF “ABROGATION” – A MISCONCEPTION
In the opinion of various Muslim Ulama not a single verse in the existing Qur'an stands abrogated by any other Ayah as it was claimed by some old scholars and lately being promoted by some liberal intellectuals of the Ummah. It is a misconception of our scholars who without giving proper thinking to paramount basic concepts of Islamic Shariah accepted a wrong connotation that contradicts the spirit of Islam as a Deen. Allah has perfected the Deen of Islam as the Ayah 3 of Al-Maida connotes:
“This day Have I perfected your Deen for you and completed My favor unto you and have chosen for you Islam as your Deen” [Al-Maida: 3]
Not only this verse should cancel all the thoughts about abrogation but Allah has further ordained in verse # 42 of Ha’Mim Al-Sajdah that nothing can enter into the Qur’an and nothing can be added to it from outside:
“Falsehood cannot come at it from before it or from behind it. It is a revelation from the Wise, the Owner of Praise.” [Qur’an. 41: 42]
It proves beyond any shadow of doubt that Qur’an is perfect and complete in every respect as the Book of guidance for mankind for all times to come and nothing is abrogated therein or changeable with the change of time.
The basic concepts that determine the application of Islamic Shariah, covering the entire needs and urgencies of man for all times are as follows:
1. Principal of gradual application of the Qur’anic laws in a society that was full of ignorance and Jahiliyah at different levels. If the laws are applied all at a time, human nature may abhor and revolt against it. The laws prohibiting drinking were applied in three stages First it was announced that harms in drinking are more than benefits. Then it was ordained that don’t go near Salah when you are intoxicated. Then in Verse 90of Surah Al-Maida it was totally prohibited that “don’t go near it”. All the relevant verses are there present in the Qur’an, None abrogates the other. All will serve their purpose in building an Islamic state afresh as and when Muslims get the chance to do so anywhere in the world.
2. Principal or re-implementation: When the Islamic State is established anytime at any place in this world, many laws of Shariah would need gradual implementation and application. Allah’s Deen no where is in a dominant position? If tomorrow Muslims succeed in getting a place to run its affairs in terms of the Qur’an and Sunnah, the laws of Shariah will be implemented in a gradual process taking full care of people’s habits, customs and economic necessities for some time to get them adjusted with the laws of Islam while putting aside the prevalent customs and laws of old Jahiliyah.
3. Consideration of human habits, deep rooted customs and economic laws that are integrated in the economic system of time like slavery, interest [Reba] etc. They all will be replaced by Islamic laws in a gradual process. Reba was prohibited in ninth year of Hijrah Slavery was continued as an integral part of the economic system and was dissolved or eliminated in stages as it was the part of economic system of the time. Islam improved it so much so that Omar (RA) said: had the salve of Abu Ubaidah bin Jarrah (RA) been alive I would have made him Khalifah of Muslims after me. To what a great position the salves were raised. Omar (RA) used to call Belal (RA) as “Sayedna Belal.”
Every verse of the Qur’an will tell the Da’ee to implement it to meet the situation that would warrant it. That is why all the verses revealed to Prophet Muhammad (S) have been left intact in their original form in the Qur'an and will remain there till Qayamah.
In fact the concept of abrogation was introduced
by Imam Zuhri to suit the convenience of his time that was full of trouble,
chaos and disruption in Ummah. Later on it was advocated by Sir Sayyed Ahmad
If you apply the so-called abrogated Ayah on the three principles that I have mentioned above, you will get the truth of what I am asserting with full confidence that there is no abrogation in the Qur'an at all. We will need each of these Ayah if we today try to establish the Deen of Allah afresh in the body politics of our societies. The Muslim scholars are not doing the job of Iqamatuddeen. They are allergic to it and are busy now in abrogating more than five hundred verses from the Qur'an. They are lost and want that Ummah too should also be lost.
Maulana Hamiduddin Farahi of
Before I conclude I would like to add the following comments of Mohtram Dr. Omar Afzal made on this issue and it is worth reading.
“Muhadditheen went on 'abrogation spree' in their zeal to standardize and support rules for various Fiqh positions. Later Mufassirin blindly accepted their hypothesis as they found the Aayah: “Ma Nansakh” [Al-Baqarah 106] they never thought where their foolhardy is leading to: Is human thinking process authorized to cancel parts of Allah's final words? How can Muslim support their claim of finality and universality of Allah's guidance if they accept that certain parts of this guidance [the Qur’an] were “Mansukh [abrogated]? The worst scenario is that one part of the Qur'an was Mansukh [abrogated] by other part”
If it is accepted then what remains thereto for implementation? The greatest tragedy of this mishap is this that it is based on “Khabar-Wahaid” Once Hazrat Ali (RA) saw a person giving a sermon in Kufa. He asked: does this man know about Nasikh wa Mansukh? If not, he should not give religious sermons. This saying of Ali (RA) had become the basis of Nasakh
"Fataberu ya Ulul Absar"
Shamim A Siddiqi
March 12, 2005